What Is Cystic Acne, and How Is It Treated?

Do you have huge, red, and painful breakouts on your skin? Cystic acne, the most severe kind of acne, requires immediate attention. The inflammatory illness need medical attention.

Continue reading to learn all you need to know about their growth, causes, symptoms, and treatment choices.

1. How Does Cystic Acne Form?
Our skin is made up of sebaceous glands that create sebum (natural oil). Excess sebum production results in clogged pores. This fosters the growth of bacteria (P. acnes), resulting in the formation of cysts in the deepest layers of the skin. [1]

2. What Is the Cause of Cystic Acne?

Although most acne is associated with adolescence, it can appear at any age. Cystic acne is caused by the following factors: [2]

  • Hormones
  • Stress
  • Certain medications
  • Poor hygiene
  • Wrong skin care products
  • Sun
  • Unhealthy Diet

3. How Can I Tell If I Have Cystic Acne?
Cystic acne is distinguished by:

  • Large pus-filled cysts
  • Redness
  • Inflammation
  • Pain and tender to touch

4. Who Gets Cystic Acne And Where Does It Happen?
People with oily skin are more likely to develop cystic acne. It is also frequent among teenagers, women, and anybody suffering from hormone abnormalities.

5. Cystic Acne Treatments
Because cystic acne is the most severe type of acne, it must be treated by a dermatologist. Your doctor may recommend a treatment approach or combination therapy based on your situation. The following are some medical therapy options:

B. Peroxide of Benzoyl
Benzoyl peroxide works by eliminating the microorganisms that cause cystic acne and thereby decreasing inflammation [3]. It can be used at concentrations ranging from 2.5 to 10%. It is available as cleansers and bars, lotions, creams, and gels.

Benzoyl peroxide has a drying effect on the skin. Make sure you understand your skin type before applying the appropriate concentration of benzoyl peroxide.

Retinoids (B)
Isotretinoin, a vitamin A derivative, is available in tablet form [4]. This is one of the most effective treatments for cystic acne. Isotretinoin produces effects after 6-8 months of use.

Although it is quite effective, it can cause mood changes, inflammatory bowel syndrome, bruises, skin inflammation, blood urine, headaches, and muscular problems.

Even though topical retinoids do not have the same potency as oral retinoids, they are nonetheless indicated for cystic acne. They are available in creams, gels, and lotions.

Topical retinoids might cause your skin to become red and vulnerable to sunburn. When using topical retinoids, you should use sunscreen.

What Is the Difference Between Cystic Acne and Regular Acne?
Normal acne consists of a few pimples that are typically not uncomfortable. Cystic acne is the most severe type of acne and is often greater in size than regular acne. It is distinguished by deep-seated red and pus-filled eruptions.

While cystic acne is difficult to treat, you do not have to put up with it. There are improved treatment methods available to assist you in getting rid of cystic acne. Consult your dermatologist to determine which of the aforementioned therapies may be appropriate for you.